Two suicide bombers in the Russian province of Dagestan, which
borders Chechnya, have killed 12
in an attack targeting
police. On Monday, two suicide bombers killed 38
in an attack on the Moscow subway. Experts in and outside of
Russia quickly suspected that Chechen separatists were behind the bombing. We covered
the nature of Chechen
and the affects this attack could have on Russian politics
The latest bombings raise the question: is this another wave of the terrorism erupting from the
Russian-Chechen war? Or is Russia now facing a different, perhaps more
- How Chechen Terror Evolved: The Internet
Foreign Policy's Paul Quinn-Judge explains
"the dramatic speed with which the Islamist insurgency in the North
Caucasus is changing" is due to its ability to connect to the rest of
the world through technology. Chechen insurgents' passionate calls to
arms, distributed via DVD and the Internet, are driving recruitment from
faraway Muslim states like Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. This has
transformed the insurgency from a local group with local, political aims
into a more global Islamic terrorist effort.
- This Is Not
'Global Jihad' Terror analysts writing in The New York Times explain, "Many Chechen separatists are
Muslim, but few of the suicide bombers profess religious motives ...
Although foreign suicide attackers are not unheard of in Chechnya, of
the 42 for whom we can determine place of birth, 38 were from the
Caucasus. Something is driving Chechen suicide bombers, but it is hardly
global jihad. As we have discovered in our research on Lebanon, the
West Bank, Iraq, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka and elsewhere, suicide terrorist
campaigns are almost always a last resort against foreign military
occupation. Chechnya is a powerful demonstration of this phenomenon at
- Medvedev: This Is About Poverty Echoing the
American military's belief that Afghanistan's insurgency is rooted in
the nation's poverty, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev "made a point
of publicly discussing poverty and unemployment in the North Caucasus,
which he has said are the root causes of violence there." But The New
York Times' Ellen Barry suggests that
public outrage over the vicious attacks could "derail" his "softer"
approach to terrorism.
- Putin 'Fostered' This Threat The Boston Globe insists that
Prime Minister Vladimir Putin sowed these seeds with his harsh handling
of the last Chechen conflict. "By refusing any political compromise with
Chechen nationalists and installing a local thug to enforce the
Kremlin’s will in Chechnya, Putin prepared the way for Islamist
extremists to gain a foothold across the North Caucasus." They insist,
"In Russia, terrorism is the domestic legacy of an imperial past. To
alleviate that threat, the Kremlin would have to accommodate true
- Chechen Strife Must Be Resolved The
Nation's Olga Razumovskaya
considers the possibility that "Russians will never be safe until
there is a political and economic solution to the decades-long war and
occupation of Chechnya and the surrounding regions." She says Russians
"had been misguided by their own leaders, President Dmitriy Medvedev and
Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, about the extent of the problems that
still remain in the Caucasus." Only an end to the human rights abuses at
Russia's hands in Chechnya can end the terrorism.
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